Basic Network Management With SNMP

SNMP is a networking monitoring protocol that is incorporated within the TCP/IP suite of Internet protocols. It is used to monitor and manage devices remotely across a network and has 3 key components which are the managed devices, snmp agents and network management systems often just referred to as an NMS.

A managed device is an active network device such as a server, router, switch, workstation or in fact any device that is network capable. The managed devices are programmed to collect information from the host device, possible store that information and have the ability to forward that information to the Network Management Station.

An SNMP agent is a piece of software residing on a host network device which collects the programmed information and communicates that information in the form of SNMP Traps to the Network Management Station.

A Network Management Station is used to monitor and control SNMP host devices through a series of simple messages and also report that information to the network monitoring team in the form of some kind of alarm or report.

The NMS can run a number of application processes designed to gather information about known networked devices. This information can be status information such as a change in status of a Router interface or a Switch Port, device configuration changes or information relating to the performance of a managed device.

Often the software applications loaded onto Network Management Stations are proprietary, but do contain and operate with TCP/IP standards based SNMP. One good example of an SNMP application is HP Openview.

Devices that communicate with a NMS are often configured to be a member of a known community with a community string or password providing the community identity or authentication. Later versions of SNMP use a stronger form of Authentication and Encryption of SNMP messages. A NMS must be part of a community before it can receive or view messages or make configuration changes to the devices already part of the community.

The SNMP messages themselves contain the information from the managed device or instructions from the NMS in a data field and each message also contains the identity of the community to which the device belongs. The SNMP messages are sent across the network encapsulated within a UDP (User Datagram Protocol) packet, which in turn is encapsulated within an IP (Internet Protocol) packet.

The agent software installed on the host devices have what is known as a MIB (Management Information Base), which is a database containing a list of manageable objects on the device. When a device needs to inform the Network Management Station about a configuration or status change, it sends a message known as a TRAP to the community NMS informing of the change.

The NMS has a number of message types it can use to interrogate or make changes to configuration on the managed devices and these are:

GET – Is used to ask the managed device for certain information about a managed object on the device. It could be a request for status of a router interface or the amount of disk space on the device hard disk drive.

GET-NEXT – Used to request the value of the next managed object in the device MIB.

SET – This is where the NMS can actually change the value of a managed object’s variable, providing the object allows READ / WRITE access. If READ Only then this will not be possible.

The Management Information Base on the managed device will contain hierarchically organized information which are identified by what are known as object identifiers, which are universally known.

Top 10 Sales Manager Mistakes

I find it interesting that when I search the internet for articles on sales the focus is generally on the sales person and not the manager. I do appreciate the importance for sales people to improve their sales skills but who is improving the manager? Let’s look at what I believe are the top 10 sales manager mistakes:

1. The Sales Manager/Account Rep who has to wear two hats. To be a successful sales manager you must be a manager of your people and focused on their success. If they succeed, you succeed. Give up the account rep role even if it is a plum account. You can still be involved with the account but you should be there to support or help close for your rep.

2. The Let Me Sell Sales Manager; a great Sales Person does not always mean a great Sales Manager. Some of the most successful sales people I have met over the years were the best closers. Aggressive, talkative and very social. However, many of these people when moved to a managers role began to fail. Why? Because they spent their career focused on their success. It is very difficult to turn that switch off. It requires EI, Emotional Intelligence. I believe a measure of a persons EI is nurtured over the years and also has to do with how they are wired. In other words, they are naturally empathetic and care about the success of others.

3. The I Can Do But Can’t Teach Sales manager; a great sales manager must be a great sales trainer. Too often I see sales managers who are great communicators but don’t know how to reverse engineer what they do to teach others. Send them off to a seminar or get additional training outside the company is their mantra. My suggestion is for this sales manager to get some training on how to train.

4. The Ivory Tower Sales Manager is the manger who is not accessible. They have the “I’ve made it” attitude and hide away in their big office sending emails and planning golf games and taking trips. Sure the sales manager needs to do this but not if their objective is get as many perks out of the job as possible. In other words, their rep or the reps client could care less if they were there or not and in fact, would prefer if they were not there because it is effecting the nurturing of the relationship started by the rep.

5. The Harping Sales Manager is the person who never upgrades their experience and knowledge of sales and is stuck in an old school mentality. They believe if they answer any question with a standard response or sales management spin or use a strong arm bully approach this will work on their reps. All this does is churn out sales reps causing a low retention rate and from the outside looking in, your clients and prospects don’t want to work with a company that can’t even keep employees or keep them happy.

6. The Sales Manager With “I” Problems is the person who takes credit for all the teams successes and passes mistakes and failures onto their team or an individual. If you want to be a leader, a sales manager, then you must take responsibility publicly for all failures and pass the accolades onto your team. The respect you will garner from your team will be inspirational and they will climb the highest mountains for you to make you proud of them. In some respects you are assuming the role of a parent and they are the child. Your vocabulary should then change from “I” to “We” or “Them”. Try it and see how good it feels.

7. The Grunter Sales Manager is the person who never listens to his reps and shows their lack of interest in many ways. For example; they keep working on their computer with their head down responding with a grunt on occasion. When a rep has a problem, stop what you are doing and listen. Now I know we need to manage by effort but if they are in your office then we must assume you gave them permission to enter and therefore speak to you, so listen to them.

8. The Talker Sales Manager is the person who loves to hear his own voice and never truly listens to his reps. “Seek first to understand before being understood” is Stephen Covey’s 5th principle from his book the Seven Habits of Highly Effective People. This essentially means we need to listen with our ears and our heart. We need to connect by understanding the other persons view point before having them understand our view point. Listen, but NOT with the intent to respond. Which means don’t be deaf because you are thinking only about what you are going to say next.

9. The MBA Sales Manager is the person with very little real life experience but has a wealth of education that abounds with theory. I pity the reps with this person. This sales manager answers every problem with a book answer. Throw the book away and get some real sales experience under your belt.

10. The Numbers Guy Sales Manager is the person who tries to manage the rep by the Statistics but has no clue on how to interpret the numbers. In the old days maybe a poor rep could be motivated to work harder by the numbers but reps are smarter and more educated today. One thing we all know about stats is they can be interpreted to mean what ever we want to say. As sales managers we do need to be on top of the numbers but don’t use them as a big stick to get your reps to work harder. The numbers should be used to isolate problem areas in your sales process unique to the individual and the team. Then once isolated you work together to fix the weakness.

How to Get the Most From Your Keno Software

One of the best things you can download from the Internet is free versions of games we love and enjoy such as Sudoku and Poker to name a few. Another game that is worth keeping in our hard drive is the Keno software. Keno is a pretty straightforward lottery game that allows its players to choose up to 20 numbers. After the players have chosen their numbers, 20 numbers will be drawn in random order and the winner is determined based on the percentage of matched numbers. What makes this exciting is that it can be played alone or with other people and one can feel what it’s like to be in a casino and play Keno, right at the comfort of their own home and at no extra cost.Free SoftwareMost the Keno game downloads are free, so one just needs to complete a survey, purchase a product, or participate in a free trial and in an instant Keno is installed and ready for play. With this game conveniently installed in your desktop or laptop, one can play Keno anytime or anywhere. It can help increase one’s skills in playing the game and can be very helpful if a player is still in the process of exploring various strategies in winning the game.Betting is Free and UnlimitedSince there are certain Keno software downloads that are not linked to an online casino, one can practice betting on play money first before playing the game in the real world. Although the software version may be a little different compared to actually playing the game online or in an actual casino, the rules and the strategies would all be similar. Thus, one does not have to shell out large amounts of money, or spend time travelling to a casino and play.Enjoy Keno with Your Friends and Loved OnesHaving Keno in one’s computer means an exciting game is readily available for friends and loved ones who want to experience the game. With just a few clicks, one can easily set up a game of Keno during a lovely afternoon or evening with close friends and relatives. It can be a simple game to help them learn how to play, but it can also turn out to be your mini-casino at home where your friends and relatives can also learn how to bet and actually win in the game.For Keno fanatics all over the world, one of the greatest things ever invented is the Keno software. Now, there is no need for servers to load, and there is no need to go to online or actual casinos in order to enjoy a game of Keno. Money is also never going to be an issue, because whether you have some money to bet or not, playing Keno is just a few clicks away. On top of it all, one can easily master the tricks of the game and not have to shell out hundreds or even thousands just to be able to do so.